List of publications

Please check the latest publications from the project on GreAT ZENODO Community

Open access publications and presentations

  1. - Rabeb Abdellaoui, Greener Air Traffic Operations, 10th EASN 2020, link
  2. - Michael Finke, Optimized flight trajectories to limit the climate change, 3rd ECATS 2020, link
  3. - Fanni Kling, Possibilities for an ANSP in international collaborative R&D project aiming at Greener Air Traffic Operations, 11th EASN 2021, link
  4. - Michael Finke, Rabeb Abdellaoui, Marco Temme, Matthias Kleinert, Heiko Ehr, Towards Greener Air Traffic Management - Reducing Emissions by Applying the 'Lowest Impact of Deviation' Principle, 40th DASC 2021, link
  5. - Michael Finke, First results of EU funded aeronautic projects Acacia, Climop, GreAT, Alternate, TAC-5 2022, link
  6. - Michael Finke, The GreAT project – Overview, 12th EASN 2022, link
  7. -  Gustavo Alonso, Arturo Benito, The environmental impact assessment of greener directories: The GreAT project, 12th EASN 2022/ Journal of Physics 2526 (2023) 12014, linklink
  8. - Tim ten Velde, Clim van der Weyden, Operational assessment by an airspace user, 12th EASN 2022, link
  9. - Nils Ahrenhold, Izabela Stasicka, Rabeb Abdellaoui, Thorsten Muhlhausen, Marco Temme, Enabling green approaches by FMS-AMAN coordination, 12th EASN 2022 / Aerospace 2023, 10(3) 278, linklink
  10. - Lukas Tyburzy, Greener Taxi Trajectories, 12th EASN 2022, link
  11. - Gustavo Alonso, Arturo Benito, The impact of flight trajectories in aviation emissions: the GreAT project, RIDITA2022, link
  12. - Michael Finke, Marco-Michael Temme, Rabeb Abdellaoui, Izabela Stasicka, Lukas Tyburzy, Heiko Ehr, Nils Ahrenhold, Thorsten Mühlhausen, Hilke Boumann, GreAT Final event 2023: Welcome, introduction, overview, DLR experimentation, summary of other findings, conclusions, linklink, link, linklink
  13. - Frans Huisman, GreAT Final event 2023: Sustainability roadmap by KLM, link
  14. - Gustavo Alonso, Arturo Benito, GreAT Final event 2023: Evaluation of environmental impact by UPM, link
  15. - Frigyes Rajnai, Attila Pasztor, GreAT Final event 2023: Context and developments, outcomes & outlook by HungaroControl, link, link
  16. - Àlex Ramonjoan, GreAT Final event 2023: MergeStrip: Development and results by PildoLab, link
  17. - Results in Brief: Establishing greener air traffic operations across Europe, link 

Public Deliverables

    1. D2.1  Current TBO concepts and derivation of the green air traffic management concepts
    2. D2.2  Report about modelling of operational and system architecture
    3. D2.3  Report about validation of ATM architecture of greener air traffic operations
    4. D3.1  Report on the concept, planning and operational procedures of FERA-WoC
    5. D3.2  Report on long-haul conflict-free trajectory optimization under the influence of high-altitude wind for flights crossing different types of airspace
    6. D3.3  Report on Air-Ground cooperative operation of long-haul flight based on FF-ICEv
    7. D4.1  Environmental-friendly airspace structuring and traffic sequencing
    8. D4.2  Arrival, departure and surface management integration and joint scheduling
    9. D5.1  Report on ATM avionic system architecture development
    10. D5.2  Report on supporting FMS and HMI technology research
    11. D5.3  Report on multiconstellation GNSS based multi-mode augmentation technology research
    12. D5.4  Report on L-band digital aeronautical communications system research
    13. D6.4  Validation report - Final iteration
    14. D7.1  Report on the spatial and temporal distribution characteristics of aviation emissions
    15. D7.2  Report on description of aviation emissions impact on the environment
    16. D7.3  Report on environmental impact assessment and green trajectory selection
    17. D7.4  Report on trade-offs between environmental impact and performance indicators
    18. D8.2  Project corporate identity and website
    19. D8.3  Project newsletter
    20. D8.4  Reports on workshops organisation
    21. D8.5  Roll-over and minivideo

    Background Information: Climate Change and Air Traffic Growth

    1. 1. Gudmundsson, S. V. and A. Anger (2012). "Global carbon dioxide emissions scenarios for aviation derived from IPCC storylines: A meta-analysis." Transportation Research Part D (17): p. 61–65.
    2. 2. Tinseth, R. (2018), Commercial Market Outlook 2018-2037 by Boeing, available at: [accessed 2019-04-10]
    3. 3. Schulz, E. (2018), Global Networks, Global Citizens, Global Market Forecast 2018-2037 from Airbus, available at: [accessed: 2019-04-10]
    4. 4. de Juniac, A. (2018), IATA Annual Review 2018, available at: [2019-04-10]

    Performance Assessment

    1. 6. European Aviation Safety Agency (2019), European Aviation Environmental Report 2019, Cologne, Germany, 2019
    2. 7. Aminzadeh, F., Alonso, G., Morales, G., Benito, A., Analysis of the recent evolution of commercial air traffic CO2 emissions and fleet utilization in the six largest national markets of the European Union. Journal of Air Transport Management, Vol 55 (2016) pp. 9-19.
    3. 8. Benito, A., Alonso, G., Recent trends in air transport sustainability, proceedings of the XII Congress in Transport engineering, Valencia, Spain, June 2016
    4. 9. Benito, A., Alonso, G., Commercial aircraft energetic efficiency evaluation, Congreso Panamericano de Ingeniería del Transporte, Santander, Spain, June 2014
    5. 10. Dalmau, R., Prats, X., Ramonjoan, A., Soley, S., Estimating fuel consumption from radar tracks, International Conference for Research in Air Transportation ICRAT, Castelldefels, Spain, June 26-29, 2018
    6. 11. Williams, V., R. B. Noland, “Comparing the CO2 emissions and contrail formation from short and long haul air traffic routes from London Heathrow”, Environmental Science and Policy 9 (2006), p. 487-495
    7. 17. Bertsimas, D., S. Stock (1998), The Air Traffic Management Problem with En-route Capacities, Operations Research 46 (1998) pp. 406–422.
    8. 25. Finke, Michael und Theodorou, Ioannis (2019) Towards Precise Performance Measurements in Live Air Traffic Validation Exercises. 38th Digital Avionics System Conference, 08.-12. Sept. 2019, San Diego, California, USA

    General ATM Concepts

    1. 12. Andreu, A., Martinez, D., Bakos, J., Sklorz, R., REACT-Plus Demonstration Report, SESAR Project 2014
    2. 13. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), “Global Air Traffic Management Operational Concept,” Document No. 9854, 1st Edition, Montréal, Canada, International Civil Aviation Organization, 2005
    3. 14. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), “Manual on Air Traffic Management Systems Requirements,” Document No. 9882, 1st Edition, Montréal, Canada, International Civil Aviation Organization, 2008
    4. 26. Günther, Y., A. Inard, B. Werther, M. Bonnier, G. Spies, A. Marsden, M.-M. Temme, D. Böhme, R. Lane and H. Niederstrasser (2006). Total Airport Management (Operational Concept and Logical Architecture). Ed. Meier, C. and Eriksen, P.
    5. 27. Okuniek, N., M. Finke, M.-M. Temme and H. Gürlük (2018). Workflow Structure of ATC in Non-nominal Conditions: Introduction and Initial Conceptual Approach. DLR-IB-FL-BS-2016-214.
    6. 28. Itoh, Eri und Miyazawa, Y. und Finke, Michael und Rataj, Jürgen (2019) Macroscopic Analysis to Identify Stage Boundaries in Multi-Stage Arrival Management. 6th ENRI International Workshop on ATM / CNS (EIWAC), 29.-31. Okt. 2019, Tokyo, Japan.

    Trajectory-Based Operations

    1. 5. Rataj, J., M.-M. Temme (2017), “From Perfect to Possible: Two Trajectory Based Operation Concepts for Future Terminal Manoeuvring Areas,” ENRI Int. Workshop on ATM/CNS, Tokyo, Japan, November 14-16, 2017
    2. 21. Pleter, O.T., C.E. Constantinescu, I.B. Stefanescu (2009), Objective Function for 4D Trajectory Optimization in Trajectory Based Operations, AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference, Chicago, Illinois, USA, August 10-13, 2009
    3. 22. Wynnyk, M. Balakrishna, P. MacWilliams, T. Becher (2011), Trajectory Based Operations Flight Trials, Tenth USA/Europe Air Traffic Management Research and Development Seminar (ATM 2013), Chicago, IL, USA, June 10-13, 2013
    4. 23. Gardi A, Sabatini R, Ramasamy S. (2016), Multi-objective optimisation of aircraft flight trajectories in the ATM and avionics context, Progress in Aerospace Sciences, 2016, 83: 1-36.
    5. 24. Fomeni F. D., Lulli G, Zografos K. (2017), An optimization model for assigning 4D-trajectories to flights under the TBO concept, Twelfth USA/Europe Air Traffic Management Research and Development Seminar (ATM 2017), Seattle, Washington, USA, June 26-30, 2017
    6. 29. Gerdes, I. and M. Schaper (2015). Management of Time Based Taxi Trajectories coupling Departure and Surface Management Systems. Eleventh USA/Europe Air Traffic Management Research and Development Seminar (ATM2015). Lisbon, Portugal,

    Flow Management

    1. 15. Helme, M. (1992), Reducing air traffic delay in a space-time network, IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics 1 (1992) pp. 236–242.
    2. 16. Lindsay, K., E. Boyd, R. Burlingame (1993), Traffic flow management modelling with the time assignment mo26del, Air Traffic Control Quarterly 1, 3 (1993) pp. 255–276.
    3. 18. Bertsimas, D., S. Stock Patterson (2000), The Traffic Flow Management Rerouting Problem in Air Traffic Control: A Dynamic Network Flow Approach, Transportation Science 34 (2000) pp. 239–255.
    4. 19. Bertsimas, D., G. Lulli. A. Odoni (2011), An Integer Optimization Approach to Large-Scale Air Traffic Flow Management, Operations Research 59, 1 (2011), pp. 211–227.
    5. 20. Agustín, A. Alonso-Ayuso, L.F. Escudero, C. Pizarro (2012), On air traffic flow management with rerouting, Part I: Deterministic case. European Journal of Operational Research 219 (2012) pp. 156–166
    6. 30. Schaper, M., A. Pick, O. Gluchshenko, L. Christoffels, H. Ehr, H. Helmke and M.-M. Temme (2012). First Results of Coupling ATM Planning Systems with Different Time Horizons. 31st Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), Williamsburg, USA

    7. 31. Schaper, M., M.-M. Temme, O. Gluchshenko, L. Christoffels and A. Pick (2012). Coupling of ATM Planning Systems with Different Time Horizons. ATOS 2012 Air Transport and Operations Symposium, Delft, The Netherlands.

    8. 32. Christoffels, L., M. Schaper, M.-M. Temme, D. Böhme and R. Brucherseifer (2009). Arrival Departure Coordination by Rule Based Arrival Gap Tailoring. NASA Total Airport Management (TAM). Washington D.C., USA.